Articles For Exercise Scientists On Special Populations

Elderly Couple Practising Yoga

Cancer and Physical Activity and Exercise


Recent Links Below. Please note there will be additional studies on various factors and cancer.

  • Zamora-Ros, R., Knaze, V., Rothwell, J. A., Hémon, B., Moskal, A., Overvad, K., & Touillaud, M. (2016). Dietary polyphenol intake in Europe: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. European journal of nutrition, 55(4), 1359-1375. Link


  • Perez‐Cornago, A., Travis, R. C., Appleby, P. N., Tsilidis, K. K., Tjønneland, A., Olsen, A., ... & Peppa, E. (2017). Fruit and vegetable intake and prostate cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). International journal of cancer, 141(2), 287-297. Link


  • Agudo, A., Cayssials, V., Bonet, C., Tjønneland, A., Overvad, K., Boutron-Ruault, M. C., ... & Trichopoulou, A. (2018). Inflammatory potential of the diet and risk of gastric cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 107(4), 607-616. Link


  • Molina-Montes, E., Sánchez, M. J., Buckland, G., Weiderpass, E., Amiano, P., Wark, P. A., ... & Quirós, J. R. (2017). Mediterranean diet and risk of pancreatic cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. British journal of cancer, 116(6), 811-820. Link


  • Thanikachalam, K., & Khan, G. (2019). Colorectal cancer and nutrition. Nutrients, 11(1), 164. Link


  • McKenzie, F., Biessy, C., Ferrari, P., Freisling, H., Rinaldi, S., Chajès, V., ... & Trichopoulos, D. (2016). Healthy lifestyle and risk of cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort study. Medicine, 95(16). Link


  • Gallus, S., Bosetti, C., Negri, E., Talamini, R., Montella, M., Conti, E., ... & La Vecchia, C. (2003). Does pizza protect against cancer?. International journal of cancer, 107(2), 283-284. Link


  • Helleday, T., Petermann, E., Lundin, C., Hodgson, B., & Sharma, R. A. (2008). DNA repair pathways as targets for cancer therapy. Nature Reviews Cancer, 8(3), 193-204. Link


  • Khambete, N., & Kumar, R. (2014). Carcinogens and cancer preventors in diet. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases, 4(1), 4. Link


  • Guyton, K. Z., Rusyn, I., Chiu, W. A., Corpet, D. E., van den Berg, M., Ross, M. K., ... & Smith, M. T. (2018). Application of the key characteristics of carcinogens in cancer hazard identification. Carcinogenesis, 39(4), 614-622. Link


  • Siemiatycki, J. (2020). Historical overview of occupational cancer research. In Occupational Cancers (pp. 1-20). Springer, Cham. Link

  • Hecht, S. S. (2018). DNA Damage by Tobacco Carcinogens. Carcinogens, Dna Damage And Cancer Risk: Mechanisms Of Chemical Carcinogenesis, 69. [Abstract] Link


  • Fairey, A. S., Courneya, K. S., Field, C. J., & Mackey, J. R. (2002). Physical exercise and immune system function in cancer survivors: a comprehensive review and future directions. Cancer, 94(2), 539-551. Link


Antioxidants & Cancer 


  • Parohan, M., Sadeghi, A., Khatibi, S. R., Nasiri, M., Milajerdi, A., Khodadost, M., & Sadeghi, O. (2019). Dietary total antioxidant capacity and risk of cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis on observational studies. Critical reviews in oncology/hematology. Link


The Innate System


  • Vesely, M. D., Kershaw, M. H., Schreiber, R. D., & Smyth, M. J. (2011). Natural innate and adaptive immunity to cancer. Annual review of immunology, 29, 235-271. Link


  • De Visser, K. E., Eichten, A., & Coussens, L. M. (2006). Paradoxical roles of the immune system during cancer development. Nature reviews cancer, 6(1), 24-37. Link


Cancer-Related/ Relapse Factors


  • Quispe, D., Quispe, M., Shi, R., Burton, G., & Sun, A. (2007). Obesity and risk for relapse of breast cancer in women of low socioeconomic status. Link


  • Thomas, R., & Davies, N. (2007). Lifestyle during and after cancer treatment. Clinical Oncology, 19(8), 616-627.Link


  • Irwin, M. L., Smith, A. W., McTiernan, A., Ballard-Barbash, R., Cronin, K., Gilliland, F. D., ... & Bernstein, L. (2008). Influence of pre-and postdiagnosis physical activity on mortality in breast cancer survivors: the health, eating, activity, and lifestyle study. Journal of clinical oncology, 26(24), 3958.Link


  • Knobf, M. T. (2007, February). Psychosocial responses in breast cancer survivors. In Seminars in oncology nursing (Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 71-83). WB Saunders. Abstract link

  • Siegel, R.L., Miller, K.D. and Jemal, A., 2019. Cancer statistics, 2019. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 69(1), pp.7-34. Link


  • Maringe, C., Spicer, J., Morris, M., Purushotham, A., Nolte, E., Sullivan, R., Rachet, B. and Aggarwal, A., 2020. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer deaths due to delays in diagnosis in England, UK: a national, population-based, modelling study. The lancet oncology, 21(8), pp.1023-1034. Link

Cancer-Related Fatigue


  • Mustian, K. M., Alfano, C. M., Heckler, C., Kleckner, A. S., Kleckner, I. R., Leach, C. R., ... & Scarpato, J. (2017). Comparison of pharmaceutical, psychological, and exercise treatments for cancer-related fatigue: a meta-analysis. JAMA oncology, 3(7), 961-968. Link


  • O’Higgins, C. M., Brady, B., O’Connor, B., Walsh, D., & Reilly, R. B. (2018). The pathophysiology of cancer-related fatigue: current controversies. Supportive Care in Cancer, 26(10), 3353-3364. Link


Meta-Analytical Research on Cancer and Fatigue (>2016)

  • Kessels, E., Husson, O. and Van der Feltz-Cornelis, C.M., 2018. The effect of exercise on cancer-related fatigue in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 14, p.479. Link

  • Kelley, G.A. and Kelley, K.S., 2017. Exercise and cancer-related fatigue in adults: a systematic review of previous systematic reviews with meta-analyses. BMC Cancer, 17(1), p.693. Link


  • Nakano, J., Hashizume, K., Fukushima, T., Ueno, K., Matsuura, E., Ikio, Y., Ishii, S., Morishita, S., Tanaka, K. and Kusuba, Y., 2018. Effects of aerobic and resistance exercises on physical symptoms in cancer patients: a meta-analysis. Integrative cancer therapies, 17(4), pp.1048-1058. Link

Exercise Related Studies and Cancer


  • Cormie, P., Zopf, E. M., Zhang, X., & Schmitz, K. H. (2017). The impact of exercise on cancer mortality, recurrence, and treatment-related adverse effects. Epidemiologic Reviews, 39(1), 71-92. Link

  • Tian, L., Lu, H. J., Lin, L., & Hu, Y. (2016). Effects of aerobic exercise on cancer-related fatigue: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Supportive Care in Cancer, 24(2), 969-983. Link


  • Keilani, M., Hasenoehrl, T., Baumann, L., Ristl, R., Schwarz, M., Marhold, M., ... & Crevenna, R. (2017). Effects of resistance exercise in prostate cancer patients: a meta-analysis. Supportive Care in Cancer, 25(9), 2953-2968. Link


  • Hardee, J. P., Porter, R. R., Sui, X., Archer, E., Lee, I. M., Lavie, C. J., & Blair, S. N. (2014, August). The effect of resistance exercise on all-cause mortality in cancer survivors. In Mayo Clinic proceedings (Vol. 89, No. 8, pp. 1108-1115). Elsevier. Link


  • Kimball, B. C., Asiedu, G. B., & Thompson, C. A. (2018). Building a Healthy Body After Cancer: Young Adult Lymphoma Survivors' Perspectives on Exercise After Cancer Treatment. Journal of adolescent and young adult oncology, 7(2), 217-229. Link


  • Stout, N. L., Baima, J., Swisher, A. K., Winters-Stone, K. M., & Welsh, J. (2017). A systematic review of exercise systematic reviews in the cancer literature (2005-2017). PM&R, 9(9), S347-S384. Link

  • D’Ascenzi, F., Anselmi, F., Fiorentini, C., Mannucci, R., Bonifazi, M., & Mondillo, S. (2019). The benefits of exercise in cancer patients and the criteria for exercise prescription in cardio-oncology. European journal of preventive cardiology, 2047487319874900. Link

  • Campbell, K. L., Winters-Stone, K. M., Wiskemann, J., May, A. M., Schwartz, A. L., Courneya, K. S., ... & Morris, G. S. (2019). Exercise guidelines for cancer survivors: consensus statement from international multidisciplinary roundtable. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 51(11), 2375-2390. Link


  • McTiernan, A., Friedenreich, C.M., Katzmarzyk, P.T., Powell, K.E., Macko, R., Buchner, D., Pescatello, L.S., Bloodgood, B., Tennant, B., Vaux-Bjerke, A. and George, S.M., 2019. Physical Activity in Cancer Prevention and Survival: A Systematic Review. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 51(6), pp.1252-1261. Link


  • Schmitz, K.H., Campbell, A.M., Stuiver, M.M., Pinto, B.M., Schwartz, A.L., Morris, G.S., Ligibel, J.A., Cheville, A., Galvão, D.A., Alfano, C.M. and Patel, A.V., 2019. Exercise is medicine in oncology: engaging clinicians to help patients move through cancer. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 69(6), pp.468-484. Link

  • Battaglini, C. L., Mills, R. C., Phillips, B. L., Lee, J. T., Story, C. E., Nascimento, M. G., & Hackney, A. C. (2014). Twenty-five years of research on the effects of exercise training in breast cancer survivors: a systematic review of the literature. World journal of clinical oncology, 5(2), 177. Link


  • [1RM Breast Cancer) Cormie, P., Galvao, D. A., Spry, N., & Newton, R. U. (2013). Neither heavy nor light load resistance exercise acutely exacerbates lymphedema in breast cancer survivor. Integrative Cancer Therapies, 12(5), 423-432. Link


  • NCCN Guidelines (2020) Survivorship Link


  • Cormie, P., Atkinson, M., Bucci, L., Cust, A., Eakin, E., Hayes, S., McCarthy, A.L., Murnane, A., Patchell, S. and Adams, D., 2018. Clinical Oncology Society of Australia position statement on exercise in cancer care. Medical Journal of Australia, 209(4), pp.184-187. Link 


  • Hayes, S.C., Newton, R.U., Spence, R.R. and Galvão, D.A., 2019. The Exercise and Sports Science Australia position statement: Exercise medicine in cancer management. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 22(11), pp.1175-1199. Link


  • Cheema, B., Gaul, C.A., Lane, K. and Singh, M.A.F., 2008. Progressive resistance training in breast cancer: a systematic review of clinical trials. Breast cancer research and treatment, 109(1), pp.9-26. Link

  • Buffart L M, Kalter J, Sweegers M G, et al. Effects and moderators of exercise on quality of life and physical function in patients with cancer: an individual patient data meta-analysis of 34 RCTs. Cancer Treat Rev. 2017;52:91–104. Link


  • Sweegers M G, Altenburg TM, Chinapaw MJ, et al. Which exercise prescriptions improve quality of life and physical function in patients with cancer during and following treatment? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Br J Sports Med. 2018;52(8):505–13. Link


  • Swartz MC, Lewis ZH, Lyons EJ, et al. Effect of home- and community-based physical activity interventions on physical function among cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017;98(8):1652–65. Link


  • Strasser, B., Steindorf, K., Wiskemann, J. and Ulrich, C.M., 2013. Impact of resistance training in cancer survivors: a meta-analysis. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(11), pp.2080-2090. Link

Reviews On Resistance Training For Children (Click Image For Link)

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Reviews On Resistance Training For Older Adults (Click Image For Link)

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